Subsistence Society

A society which is seen as producing enough for survival without any economic surplus. This is a commonly used term to describe simple societies such as TRIBES or HUNTER-GATHERERS, but problematic.

Herbal Medicine

Herbal medicine (also herbalism) is the study of botany and the use of medicinal plants.

Harmony With Nature

This resolution recognizes that “human beings are an inseparable part of nature, and that they cannot damage it without severely damaging themselves.” It also seeks to contribute to the preparatory process for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012.



Luzon bleeding-heart

The Luzon bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba luzonica) is one of a number of species of ground dove in the genus Gallicolumba that are called "bleeding-hearts". The Luzon Bleeding-heart is the species in which the "blood" feature is most pronounced, with the reddish hue extending down the belly, furthering the illusion of blood having run down the bird's breast.



Luzon hornbill

The Luzon hornbill (Penelopides manillae), sometimes called Luzon tarictic hornbill, is a species of hornbill in the family Bucerotidae. It is endemic to forests on Luzon and nearby islands in the northern Philippines. As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P. panini.


Attribution: I, BS Thurner Hof


Rufous coucal

The rufous coucal (Centropus unirufus) is a species of cuckoo in the family Cuculidae. It is found in Luzon and proximate islands in the Philippines.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest. It is threatened by habitat loss.



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Banana Plant

The Philippines is one of the top five exporters of bananas, with some 2.85 million metric tonnes exported in 2017.

In 2018, the country produced some 9.36 million metric tonnes of bananas on 447,889 ha, with Cavendish cultivars accounting for about 52% of total banana production, Saba (27%) and Lakatan (10%).


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Papaya Tree

Papaya (Carica papaya Linn.), originated from tropical America and is considered as one of the most important fruit crops in the Philippines because of its great economic potential. It may be grouped into 3 sex types according to the flowers they produce. The 3 types are female, male and hermaphrodite.



Anahaw Tree (Leaf)

Anahaw (Livistona rotundifolia) is a native palm with smooth leaves or a tree of wood and with leaves bent on the edges of branches.

It is considered the National Leaves of the Philippines.

The leaves of Anahaw are broad, round, and green. The leaves stalk are thorny and grow around its own body.


Anahaw | Image Source: pinterest.ph | dream-yard.com


Banaba Tree (Flowers)

Banaba is a species of crepe myrtle tree that is native to the Philippines and Southeast Asia. People use the leaves to make medicine.

Banaba is used for diabetes and weight loss.


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Abaca Plant

Abaca, binomial name Musa textilis, is a species of banana native to the Philippines, grown as a commercial crop in the Philippines, Ecuador, and Costa Rica. The plant, also known as Manila hemp, has great economic importance, being harvested for its fiber, also called Manila hemp, extracted from the leaf-stems. Abaca is also the traditional source of lustrous fiber hand-loomed into various indigenous textiles in the Philippines like t'nalak, as well as colonial-era sheer luxury fabrics known as nipis. They are also the source of fibers for sinamay, a loosely woven stiff material used for textiles as well as in traditional Philippine millinery.